This study is illustrated:
You are about to be a participant in a magic trick. Visit the following website, and click on the single orange "carrot" under the words "The Original Mysterious Rabbit."
The bunny will guess your card every time. First, try to determine how this works. Try this game several times if needed. Then, post your thoughts on how the game works on the discussion board.
This magic trick is an excellent example of the power of schemas and expectations in guiding our perceptions. On the discussion board, give us a short definition of a schema, and why you think it worked to deceive you (or most of you) in this magic trick. Next, from the list below, pick two advantages of schemas and explain why these help individuals when processing information.
Schemas aid information processing
Schemas aid recall
Schemas speed up processing
Schemas add information
Schemas aid interpretation
Schemas provide expectations
Finally, using the same list above, discuss at least one problem you see that a schema may cause for individuals making judgments.
With respect to the "trendy magic" card trick, it didn't deceive me at all. I first looked at the five cards and noticed their relationship one with the other. For example, I knew there were the jack and king of hearts. I then chose the king of spades. When the trick was done, I was told that my card magically disappeared. Well, so did all the others! The king of hearts was misssing and so was the jack and keart of hearts. Therefore, the solution was obvious. The five cards shown at the end were ALL different from the initial set of cards shown.
I mean, afterall, how could a computer possibly figure out what I had chosen!?
So, what is a schema? According to Wikipedia, "A schema...is a mental structure that represents some aspect of the world." In other words, it's a mental model that we create to mimic our world and our expectations from that world. We create schema to organize our thoughts, to form hypothesizes...essentially, to "know" anything. Fundamentally, it's a "map" we create of the "territory." In this case, the mental model is the map and the ...
This job explains schema and various examples.