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    Philosophy of Psychiatry

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    What are the 4 types of vectors that Hacking discusses? What is solipsism? What is nosology? What is a shadow illness?

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    1. What are the 4 types of vectors that Hacking discusses?
    In "Mad Travelers" Hacking asks what are the conditions that make the diagnosis of the "transient mental illness" or "travelers-fugue" as malady possible? For this Hacking uses the ecological niche: an environmental location where the sum of various competing forces, produces a specific ecology ripe for the production of species. Hacking identifies four forces or "vectors" that contribute to the niche of the fugue: (1) medical taxonomy; (2) cultural polarity; (3) observabilty and (4) release (Hacking, 81-82). Hacking also provides a negative niche, or ecology where fugue was never diagnosed; this negative is America. http://www.msstate.edu/fineart_online/Backissues/Vol_17/faf_v17_n08/reviews/kabatoff.html

    2. What is solipsism?

    Definitions of solipsism on the Web:
    - the view confining reality to oneself and one's experiences.
    - The notion that it is impossible ever to know another person, so why bother? This ends up in an absolute egotism a refusal to acknowledge the needs or even existence of others.
    - The theory that self is the only object of real knowledge or that nothing but self exists.
    - The belief that no one exists other than oneself.
    - theory that the self is the only thing that can be known and verified, or that the self is the only reality.
    - A form of SCEPTICISM. Solipsism is the belief that nothing exists ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution examines the 4 types of vectors discussed by Hacking. It also explains the terms, "solipsism," "nosology" and a "shadow illness."