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    Psychology Theories & Concepts

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    Psychology Home work

    1. Psychologists are interested in people's behavior and their mental processes. Psychologists believe that:
    ____a. behavior is impacted by environment, but not by a person's physical state.
    ____b. behavior is affected by a person's mental and physical state, but rarely by his or
    his or her environment.
    ____c. a person's physical state, mental state, and the empirical evidence impact his
    or her behavior.
    ____d. a person's physical state, mental state, and environment influence his or
    her behavior.

    2. R.D. Rosen included_____in his 1977 list of what he called "psychobabble."
    ___a. primal scream therapy.
    ____b. psychoanalysis
    ____c. using laboratory rats in psychological research.
    ____d. psychometrics

    3. Critical thinking involves being able to:
    ___a. wonder, ask questions, define the question in clear terms, and accept the obvious
    ____b. examine the evidence, analyze assumptions, and avoid emotional reasoning.
    __ _c. examine the evidence, be curious and ask questions, but accept your own feelings
    as the best indicator of truth.
    ____d. define the question in clear terms, avoid emotional reasoning, and keep the
    discussion simple.

    4. When you make the comment, "I don't know," in the course of a discussion, this
    indicates that you:
    ___a. have a tolerance for uncertainly.
    ____b. are an empirical scientist.
    ____c. are evasive and opposed to further inquiring.
    ____d. accept your own ability.

    5. Like today's psychologists, ancient psychologists sought to describe, predict,
    understand, and modify behavior. To gather information these scholars mainly
    relied on:
    ____a. researching archival information.
    ____b. their own intuition.
    ____c. examining all the evidence.
    ___d. observing and describing individual cases.

    6. _____was the first person to announce that he intended to make psychology a science.
    ____a. William James
    ___b. Wilhelm Wundt
    ____c. Sigmund Freud
    ____d. Joseph Gall

    7. A person was asked to break down into its basic elements the immediate experience of tasting an apple. This approach represented the_____ school
    of psychology.
    ____a. behaviorist
    ____b. functionalist
    ___c. structuralist
    ____d. psychoanalytical

    8. Wilhelm Wundt's approach to psychology fell out of favor because of its' reliance
    on:
    ____a. interpretation.
    ____b. insights
    ____c. phrenology
    ___d. introspection

    9. Functionalism is a school of psychology that asks:
    ___a. how people behave and why they behave the way they do.
    ___ b. what happens when someone behaves the way they do.
    ____c. who in the person's family behaves in a similar way.
    ____d. what part of the brain makes people behave the way they do.

    There are several different theories of functionalism (see http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/f/function.htm) and you may want to check which type your test is referring to.

    10. The neurologist_____stressed the importance of listening to patients' reports of
    depression, nervousness, and obsessive habits.
    ____a. Whilhelm Wundt
    ____b. William James
    ___c. Sigmund Freud
    ____d. Joseph Gall

    11. A 42-year-old married female of Asian descent moves from Chicago to Mississippi
    to help her husband care for his elderly mother. The wife is having trouble sleeping,
    is irritable, and finds herself crying over what she describes as "nothing." The_____
    psychological perspective would focus on the patient's hormone level to determine if
    menopause was occurring.
    ___a. biological
    ____b. psychodynamic
    ____c. cognitive
    ____d. sociocultural

    12. The learning psychological perspective is concerned with:
    ____a. cognitive thoughts that might affect a person's actions, feelings, and choices
    ___b. what rewards or punishments exist that might support or discourage specific
    behaviors.
    ____c. how unresolved, unconscious conflicts might impact behavior and feelings.
    ____d. how bodily events might influence behaviors, feelings, and thoughts.

    13. Bill (15) has recently transferred to a new high school and has made some
    friends there. He is having trouble in school and is experiencing difficulty
    concentrating. One of Bill's teachers has reported that he sometimes demonstrates
    a bad attitude toward authority. The_____psychological perspective would look
    at the impact his new friends might be having on his attitudes and behaviors.
    ____a. biological
    ____b. psychodynamic
    ____c. learning
    ___d. sociocultural

    14. You might hear the following statement from a_____psychologist: "Psychoanalysis
    is too pessimistic about human nature, and behaviorism views humans as mindless."
    ___a. Humanist
    ____b. learning
    ____c. feminist
    ____d. social-cultural

    (see http://www.science.mcmaster.ca/psychology/psych1a6/1aa3/Person/lec1-2.htm)

    15. Which psychological discipline has had a major impact on efforts to make
    psychology the study of all human beings?
    _____a. Humanistic
    ____b. Psychodynamic
    ____c. Sociocultural
    ___d. Feministic

    16. Alan works in human resources. He wants to study how he can improve his skills in
    selecting employees who have the greatest aptitude for specific job areas. He would
    do well to consult with a/an_____psychologist.
    ____a. experimental
    ____b. developmental
    ___c. industrial/organizational
    ____d. educational

    17. Samantha hopes to work as a teacher's assistant in an elementary school. She decides
    it would be helpful to understand how people grow and change over time mentally,
    physically, and socially. She would benefit most from a class in_____psychology.
    ____a. physiological
    ___b. developmental
    ____c. psychometric
    ____d. educational

    18. Which one of the following statements about practitioners in the field of psychology
    is TRUE?
    ____a. As a rule, marriage, family, and child counselors (MFCCs) are licensed by
    their state and have only an Associate of Arts degree.
    ____b. Psychotherapists are specially trained to work with patients and apply therapeutic
    techniques.
    ____c. Psychoanalysts are medical doctors (M.D.) who are most likely to rely on
    behavior therapy to treat their patients.
    ___d. Clinical psychologists can train as both research scientists and clinical
    practitioners.

    19. Which one of these statements about psychiatrists is TRUE?
    ___a. Psychiatrists have an M.D. degree and tend to take a medical approach to
    emotional problems.
    ____b. Psychiatrists prescribe medications, rather than focus on patients' emotional
    problems.
    ____c. Psychiatrists are trained primarily in Freudian psychoanalysis and are not
    required to obtained an advanced degree in mental health.
    ____d. Psychiatrists specialize in conducting research using their patients as subjects.

    20. The majority of psychologists are eclectic, which means they draw information from
    different schools of thought rather than limiting themselves to information gained
    from only one perspective. However, most psychologists agree that it's important to:
    ___a. gather empirical evidence, rather than rely on their hunches.
    ____b. study all schools of thought before selecting one.
    ____c. study all research findings before treating mental disorders.
    ____d. learn how to treat mental disorders before working in research.

    Thank you.

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    Solution Summary

    This soluion assists in questions related to early psychology theories (e.g. functionalism, structuralism, behaviorism, biological, psychodynamic, cognitive, sociocultural, humanist, learning, feminist, social-cultural, etc.) and application of these theories and theroectical concepts e.g. critical thinking, etc. Links for websites are provided for further reading.

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