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Neural Basis and Thought

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What were some of the most significant factors that may have prevented general acceptance of the neural basis for all thoughts, and why are those factors important? Please put in your own words and give scholarly references (do not paste and copy). Thank you.

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• What were some of the most significant factors that may have prevented general acceptance of the neural basis for all thoughts?

One of the most significant factors that may have prevented general acceptance of the neural basis for all thought is the debate surrounding the "body and soul dichotomy". For example in the classical view of dualism, the predominant view was held that behavior was determined by the laws of biology, chemistry, and physics. However, the mind was considered to be non-material, separate from the body; but interacting with the physical body (Grant, 2003). Research is presented to suggest anther conviction that one is in control of the choices made through the process of freewill. In other words, individuals are free to think and decide, and are aware of the ability to think and understand the consequence of their choices. Free will is defined as "the ability to choose what we know, and is an experience of freedom of choice" (www.optimal.org). While the concept of freewill is a controversial subject between neuroscientists and philosophers, scientific evidence supports the notion that mental abilities emerge from interaction between neurons, ...

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This solution examines why the neural basis for all thought may not be accepted.

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Neural Basis

At least as early as Alcmaeon (around 500 B.C.), the brain was identified as the "organ of thought." However, subsequent thinkers continued to believe in the separation of the physical body (including the brain) and the mind (or soul). What were some of the most significant factors that might have prevented general acceptance of the neural basis for all thoughts? Why were these factors important?

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