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"Theory and Theories"

Identify two key theories in psychology.
Identify the theorist(s) and sources of the theories (key articles or books) in psychology.
Describe the basic tenets of these theories.
Analyze the relationship between the two theories that you have found. (John Bowlby and Erik Erikson theories)

Explain why these theories are so important in psychology and how they relate to the research that you are interested in doing :- (human & culture)

Include a reference list for the five "classics" or influential works you have found

support your responses with specific references and use APA format.

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Theory and Theories

(1) Identify two key theories in psychology.

The two key theories identified are the Attachment Theory and The Stages of Psychosocial Theory

(2) Identify the theorist(s) and sources of the theories (key articles or books [See reference list] in psychology.
The theorists are John Bowbly, Mary Ainsworth and Erik Erikson

(3) Describe the basic tenets of these theories.

(a) Attachment Theory

The theory of Attachment became the joint work of John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth (Ainsworth & Bowlby, 1991). Drawing on concepts from ethology, cybernetics, information processing, developmental psychology, and psychoanalysts, John Bowlby formulated the basic tenets of the theory. For example, he focused on the child's tie to his mother, and the disruption that took place through separation, deprivation, and bereavement. Mary Ainsworth expanded Bowbly's ideas and contributed to the concept of the attachment figure as a secure base from which the infant explore his or her world. Thus, she included the concept of maternal sensitivity to infantile signals and its role in the development of infant-mother attachment patterns. Bowlby and Ainsworth worked independently of each other during their early careers, both were influenced by Freud's psychodynamic theories. For instance, borrowing from Freud's theory of infantile and maternal experiences, Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths (e.g., crying, clinging, frantically searching) "to prevent separation from their parents or to reestablish proximity to a missing parent. Drawing on ethological ...

Solution Summary

This solution describe two important theories in psychology: attachment theory and psychosocial theory. It identifies the theorists and sources, the basic tenets of the theories, the relationship between the two theories and also the importance of them in psychology. All references used are included.

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