Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan both formulated theories of moral development in the 20th century that have become highly influential and the source of research and application in ethics, education and psychology. I can see the important aspects of each theory.
1) Without being gender bias. Which theory do you favor? Explain why
2) Which theory out the two (Lawrence Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan) do you feel is the best for middle childhood moral development, adolescence as well as adulthood moral development? Why© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 10:01 am ad1c9bdddf
Moral Development theory:
Question 1- I gather this is a question to help you consider your own position. So I will share with you my position
As to your concern of gender bias, that is the grounds for Gilligan's work. She believes that Kohlberg's theory contains gender bias. " Gilligan suggests that these findings reveal a gender bias, not that females are less mature than boys. Men and women follow different voices. Men tend to organize social relationships in a hierarchical order and subscribe to a morality of rights. ...
Examining the difference between Kohlberg and Gilligan's moral development theory
Jane case study
Jane has been relentlessly asking her parents for a new toy she saw on television. Many of her friends' parents have already purchased the toy for their children. Jane has told her parents this and explained to them how cool the toy is. Her parents, however, have told Jane they cannot afford the toy. One weekend, Jane is at the mall with her friend's parent. While she is there, she notices something fall out of the pocket of the person in front of her. She quickly picks it up and realizes no one appears to have noticed. It's a $20 dollar bill! She knows she can afford the toy she wants if she keeps the money. Should she tell her friend's parent that her mom gave her the money to purchase the toy or should she give the money back?
Briefly describe at least two moral development theories of Kohlberg, Gilligan, and/or Haidt.
Explain how each of the two theories you selected would address the moral dilemma presented in the scenario.
Based on the theories, explain how a child (Jane) might decide what to do with the money found in the moral dilemma. Be sure to include the effects that age and culture might have on her decision.