Cognitive behavioral therapy seems to be an effective approach for young people with maladpative disorders. Some examples of these disorders include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, conduct disorder and severe anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder found in children and adolescents. Cognitive and behavioral therapies for children and adolescents usually are short term treatments (generally 6-20 sessions) that focus on teaching young people and their parents specific skills. CBT focuses on the way a person's thoughts, behaviors and emotions are connected and how they affect each other. Because of this CBT approaches allows for therapists to intervene at different points in the cycle.
Specific adaptations that therapists make when engaging in CBT with children and adolescents include pacing the content and speed of therapy at an ...
This solution discusses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a suggested approach for treating youths with maladaptive behavior.
A Case Study Considering Child Therapy
Ray's Case Study
Ray is an 11-year-old Hispanic male who recently ran into trouble. A neighbor saw Ray ignite gasoline in a brick barbecue in the neighbor's backyard. The neighbor notified Ray's parents about the incident. The parents, uncertain about what to do, called the local fire department and asked that someone speak with Ray. The parents explained to the youth officer that Ray is often "a handful." He frequently refuses to follow rules and engages in activities that they feel are unsafe.
Ray also has difficulty in school. He is classified as learning disabled and is taking special classes to assist with his reading. The youth officer interviewed Ray and felt counseling would be appropriate. The officer told the family that he would refer them to a therapist who works with families of children who use fire.
Ray's parents have been married for 14 years and have two children, Ray, age 11, and Roberto, age 9. Both parents are college graduates and hold full-time managerial positions at a large corporation. The mother has arranged flextime at work so that she can be at home with the boys after school. The father works long hours and travels regularly. Both Ray and his mother discuss the long hours and travel with obvious annoyance.
The family lives in a single-family home in a middle-class suburban neighborhood. Ray and Roberto attend the public school nearby. Both parents grew up in the area. Their extended families live nearby and see each other regularly. Visits to grandparents and uncles are common.
After reading Ray's case study, apply two of the following approaches with this family: REBT, reality therapy, or structural family therapy. For each approach can you identify and describe:
- Treatment outcomes or goals that are consistent with each approach.
- Several techniques and methods you would use to achieve these goals that would be consistent with each approach, while considering the individual, family, community, societal, and multicultural factors.
- Evaluate the potential effectiveness of the techniques and methods you identified from each approach you have chosen
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