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    Learning Deficits

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    1. Describe a learning deficit.
    2. What brain structures and circuits are related to your selected deficit?
    3. How would the deficit impair daily functioning in:
    A. Academic Domains
    B. Social
    C. Emotional
    4. What assessments and interventions would be used to detect and treat the dysfunctions?

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    (1) Describe a learning deficit.

    Research describes the process of learning as a means by which skills, knowledge, and reactions are acquired. Others describe the process as being associated with memory, or mental associations (Sternberg, 2006). Thus, learning refers a means through which individual acquires not only skills and knowledge, but values, attitudes, and other emotional reactions. Based on this definition, a learning deficit refers to a difficulty or difficulties in individual functioning or learning due to some unknown factor or factors.

    For instance, a number of studies show that both language and verbal attitudes affect the ability to acquire reading and developmental skills needed in perception and attention. According to Maynard, Tyler, & Arnold (1999), among children diagnosed with early language problems an increase was found in the prevalence of learning disabilities and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

    Consider learning deficits in in persons with Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is a common neuropsychiatric condition prevalent in early childhood, and characterized by symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) describes the disorder as a behavioral disorder separate from developmental learning. The manual further describes ADHD as having a subtypes that are predominantly inattentive (or without hyperactivity, predominantly hyperactive, and combined types (p. 87). Research is presented to show that ADHD has a marked impairment in several domains of functioning, including learning disability (Maynard, Tyler & Arnold, 1999. According to Maynard et al., ADHD has a negative effect on patient and parent quality of life, families, individual education, social outcomes, and society as a whole.

    (2) What ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution discusses learning deficits and functioning.