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Learning and Memory Disorders

Provide an example of a learning disorder and an example of a memory disorder as classified in the DSM-IV-TR (these are different from the behavioral disorders listed in the manual). Describe these disorders. How might a clinician evaluate each of these (what methods or instruments would be used)?

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One of the most common reading disorders or learning disorders is dyslexia, an inherited disorder that causes anatomical differences in the brain. Dyslexia is a lifelong disability and is marked by weaknesses in phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming, and orthographic processing. Phonological awareness is the key to reading and individuals diagnosed with dyslexia have difficulty connecting sounds with symbols and pronouncing words. Rapid automatized naming makes it difficult for those with dyslexia to name objects they can see. Orthographic processing relates to remembering how words look when spelled correctly and how the ...

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This solution is comprised of detailed examples of learning and memory disorders. Containing over 350 words including references, this solution provides students with a better understanding of learning and memory disorders and how they are evaluated by clinicians.