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Psychology Methodologies and Multicultural Research

What key components separate the methodologies utilized in multicultural research from traditional research?

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There are a number of adult learning theories which provide diverse perspectives on how adults may learn and examine research. Malcolm Knowles (1984) provided six assumptions on adult learning. Knowles is credited in providing a great influence in andragogy in developing the 'self-concept of a dependent learner in becoming a self-directing' adult learner (Merriam, Caffarella, & Baumgartner, 2007, p.84). Knowles did not coin the term 'andragogy' as Clardy (2005) noted it goes back to nineteenth century Germany. Knowles (1984) contributed to adult learning and teaching perspectives. However, there are criticisms in labeling 'adult theory' or a 'critical theory' as Brookfield (2005) described that theories are individually created throughout our lives and not so much in an academic setting basis. We have the power to create our own theoretical frameworks and learning experience throughout our lives in childhood and adulthood. Hence, McGrath (2009) noted that Knowles' theory in andragogy in comparison to pedagogy the teacher does not hold all the knowledge in an adult learning environment. However, it may seem that both age groups of students are able to contribute their own creative ideas ...

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The key components which separate the methodologies utilized in multicultural research from traditional research are determined.

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