In addition to institutional and organizational knowledge, a forensic psychology professional working with police and police operations must be familiar with laws that relate to each of the roles they may have as well as how these laws may be applied.
Police professionals interact with the public daily and must be aware of the laws affecting their jobs in order to work within the system in a fair, impartial, and systematic manner. In turn, forensic psychology professionals also must be aware of laws related to the roles they perform in order to provide police professionals with accurate information and effective assistance. Since the police are in the public eye and subject to careful scrutiny, they are often judged by the community, their fellow officers, and police administration. Knowing and following the laws that guide their jobs protect police professionals from accusations of unjust behaviors and unfavorable public sentiment. Since laws change, it is essential to be familiar with current laws, as well as understand how these laws relate to the forensic psychology professional in a specific role in the police organization, and how the laws relate to police operations.
Review the article, "Racial Profiling Laws in Your State," and the Miranda v. Arizona court decision. Think about the relevant laws associated with police operations and how these laws relate to forensic psychology professionals working in police operations.
Review the remaining Learning Resources for this week, focusing on the similarities and differences among the forensic psychology roles in police operations.
Select two roles that a forensic psychology professional performs related to police operations. (Please select roles that you did not use for this week's Discussion.)
Using course Learning Resources, the Walden Library, or the Internet, research current laws related to the forensic psychology professional roles that you selected.
Think about the similarities and differences between the two roles you selected, as well as the applicable laws related to these roles.
describe two roles that a forensic psychology professional may perform related to police operations. Analyze their function in police operations.
Compare (similarities and differences) the roles you selected.
Briefly summarize laws that are relevant to each of the roles you selected, and analyze how they are relevant to these roles.
Evaluate the insights and/or conclusions gained because of your comparison.
Support your responses with references to the Learning Resources and the research literature.
Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation.
Police Psychology and Prison Psychology
As discussed so far, Forensic Psychology, while itself is a subdivision in the field of psychology focused on the utilization and application of the principles of psychology for the purpose of justice and law enforcement - has within many subfields specializing in specific concerns and roles within the justice system. Two of the most interesting to me are the roles of a prison psychologist (also known as correctional psychologist) and a police psychologist. According to the Psychology Guide (2015), "Prison psychologists are often charged with the task of treating murderers, violent offenders, sexual predators, and white collar criminals. They often work in maximum security prisons, jailhouses (for assessment purposes), courthouses, and asylums geared towards the criminally insane. Prison psychologists often testify as expert witnesses inside courtrooms. Additionally, they are involved in stabilizing those found incompetent to stand trial." Meanwhile Police Psychologists focus on providing support to the police law enforcement personnel. According to Kitaeff (2011), "Police psychology is broadly defined as the application of psychological principles and methods to law enforcement. This growing area includes topics such as screening and hiring of police officers; conducting screening for special squads (e.g., SWAT); fitness-for-duty evaluations; investigations, hostage negotiations; training and consultation, ...
The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of roles in Forensic Psychology. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.