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Hallucinogens and inhalants: Physiological effects and addictive properties

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Comparison (similarities and differences) of the physiological effects and addictive properties of two substances, one each from two of the three following categories:
1. hallucinogens
2. inhalants
3. steroids

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Solution Summary

The physiological effects and addictive properties to hallucinogens and inhalants are determined.

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Let's look at the hallucinogen MDMA, also known as ecstacy and the inhalant toluene, found in paint thinners.

In terms of psychological effects, both MDMA and toluene produce euphoric and anxiolytic effects, however MDMA tends to cause hyperactivity and excitement, whereas toluene produces dissociative effects much stronger than that seen with MDMA, if at all.

Physiologically, MDMA enters neurons and inhibits transporters on neuronal cell membranes from reabsorbing the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. This causes prolonged excitation by these neurotransmitters at the neuronal synapses, which is what causes the hyperactivity and euphoric effects of the ...

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