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generic, problem specific, and idiosyncratic formulation models

Situation, emotion, thought, and behavior are the central features of cognitive behavioral case formation (Grant, Townend, Mills & Cockx, 2009). They are the basis of case formulation and they focus on a client's interpretation of an event rather than the event itself (Grant, Townend, Mills & Cockx, 2009).

The function of cognitive behavioral case formulation is an individual understanding about a person's problems, but still based on a cognitive behavioral theory (Grant, Townend, Mills & Cockx, 2009). Its main goal is to create a plan to work collaboratively to develop a framework for a plan to help the therapist understand the client (Grant, Townend, Mills & Cockx, 2009). This framework needs to have goals and there are different models it can follow such as generic, problem specific, and idiosyncratic. Generic models are used in CBT when clients present with more diffuse life difficulties rather than a significant problem. Problem specific models are used when a client comes to seek help for a specific problem. Finally, idiosyncratic models are used when multiple problems are present or problems where no model fits (Grant, Townend, Mills & Cockx, 2009).

How can one distinguish between generic, problem specific, and idiosyncratic formulation models?

Solution Summary

This post helps to distinguish among generic, problem specific, and idiosyncratic formulation models.