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Educational Psychology/Professional Development of Teachers

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Provide two examples of how educational psychology informs teaching practices. Explain three ways educational psychology informs and guides the professional development of teachers.

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(1) How educational psychology informs teaching practices

(a) One way in which educational psychology informs teaching practices is through psychological theories that show how students lean. For instance, vicarious learning is stated to take place in the development of social behavior. Vicarious learning is described as behavior that takes place by observing others, and then modeling the behavior. Relatively, Bandura (1971) postulated in introducing his theory of learning that cognitive variables were involved in vicarious learning. For example, drawing on the discipline of psychology, the social learning theory is an aspect of cognitive theories focused on interaction. Based on teaching practices, the Social learning theory is focused on secondary drives and the likelihood of responding in ways takes place through socialization. Research shows that the need exists for a system in educating children that leads to policies on variables such as: socialization, attendance, behavior problems, substance and academic achievement (Brunsma & Rockquemore, 1998). For example, using behavioral theories one study found that a uniform school code did not have negative effects on behavioral outcomes. Psychological tests were beneficial in showing that school uniforms were a poor ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes the professional development of teachers, and discusses how educational psychology informs teaching pracitces.