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Recognizing Faces

Conduct a literature review concerning face recognition in preparation for this assignment.

Based on your review, in which you analyze the cognitive processes involved with face recognition, address the following in your analysis:

- Explain the processes associated with face recognition, identification, and classification, using the research you obtained through your literature review.
- Explain the roles of concepts and categories in face recognition, identification, and classification.
- Analyze the role of encoding and retrieval processes involved with long-term memory and how this affects face recognition.
- Discuss at least two possible errors that can occur with face recognition, such as misidentification and self-recognition.

Solution Preview

The most frequent, and arguably the most important, use of recognition is in identifying faces. Recognizing faces are essential for the social life of humans. We face the world everyday with our faces. The open and instinctive emotions, the hidden and repressed ones, are all displayed on our faces, as well as thoughts and intentions. Our face defines our character and experience. Face recognition is important and most of us can identify many faces individually or pick a face out in a crowd. Facial recognition provides "valuable information about the identity, expression, gaze, health, and age of a person" (Grüter, Grüter, & Carbonh, 2008, para. 1). It is natural for most individuals to recognize and respond to seeing their own face faster compared to other faces. Social and emotional intelligence may reflect the ability to recognize faces accurately and swiftly.

- Explain the processes associated with face recognition, identification, and classification using the research you obtained through your literature review.

The two basic processes that promote perception are categorization and individuation. According to Wilhelm, Herzmann, Kunina, Danthiir, Schacht, and Sommer, social and emotional intelligence may reflect the ability to recognize faces accurately and swiftly (2010). Functional models of recognizing faces show that recognition used multiple component processes. Many researchers question whether the processes used for face recognition are specialized specifically for face recognition or if there is a part of our brain devoted specifically to this ability. Herzmann et al. conducted experiments in an effort to understand what abilities affect face cognition, specifically, face perception, the speed of face recognition, and face memory. According to G. Robinson-Riegler and B. Robison-Riegler, "evidence of the ability to recognize one's own face demonstrates a hemispheric asymmetry. The right hemisphere seems to be selectively involved in self-face recognition" (2008, p. 186). Results from the studies conducted by Herzmann et al. shows there are clear and distinct cognitive abilities distinguishing between delayed memory, object cognition, general cognitive ability, and mental speed in recognizing faces (2010).

- Explain the roles of concepts and categories in face recognition, identification, and classification.

All faces have the same basic configurable appearance, for example, two eyes above the nose and mouth. This is sometimes called the first-order ...

Solution Summary

The following posting discusses the cognitive processes involved in face recognition.

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