1. Operator Algebra. Evaluate the following expressions:
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Neutrino Oscillation made oversample. Neutrinos come in three varieties that we know of: the electron neutrino (V_e) the tau neutrino (V_T) and the muon neutrino (which is irrelevant to this problem). Nuclear fusion in the sun's interior produces electron neutrino. A major problem describes (in a super simplified way) one possible explanation.
Suppose the Hamiltonian of the sun (which describes the interaction of neutrinos with the rest of the sun) can be described as follows:
Find the energy eigenstates of this Hamiltonian in terms of the "basis vectors" (V_e) and (V_T), and the corresponding energy eigenvalues.
Suppose that t = 0, an electron neutrino (V_e) is produced in the center of the sun. What is the state at time t > 0, in terms of the parameters a and b?
What is the probability that the original electron neutrino will be observed as a tau neutrino at time t?
First, let's recall that in the eigenbasis of we have:
Now let's consider the translation operator:
For small a we can express the right hand side as a Taylor series:
But this can be also written as:
But we know that in the coordinate space we have:
By the same token:
When we apply the operators and consecutively we get:
So the basis is also an eigenbasis for and applying it on the eigenbasis yields the coordinate shifted by ...
The expert evaluates an expression for operator algebra.