You encounter arguments everyday but probably do not notice them. Try to find examples of logical errors and/or examples of good syllogistic reasoning. There are plenty of examples on radio and television talk shows, in your local newspaper, and even in discussions with your friends. Do not use examples from Internet Web sites which deal specifically with logic (although the examples could be from articles posted on the Internet or from blogs). Please respond to the following:
Find at least five (5) real-life arguments which could be rewritten as syllogisms.
In a sentence or two, describe the argument.
Rewrite each argument as a syllogism.
Identify whether the argument contains logical errors or is an example of good syllogistic reasoning.
As you know, I cannot give an answer here. I can only give you the tools for thinking it through. The content needs to come from you, but I can give you the form.
I assume you know what a fallacy is. The basic definition revolves around the different means by which a conclusion does not follow from a set of premises. Even more, it means that an argument may seem to follow, but actually does not. So the assignment here is to see how "normal," day to day arguments seem to work, but do not. Here are a few examples:
1. The hidden premise. This is a common problem. The concept here is that an argument contains definitions that the speaker holds to be true or important, but are not made explicit in the argument itself. If I hold that justice is based on the respecting of individual rights, I am assuming that individuals (and not families or social groups) lie at the root of a society. Whenever I speak of "rights" I'm ...
This solution integrates real-life arguments which could be rewritten as syllogisms.