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Which person should be saved?

"The political leader of your country, a scholar, a janitor, a nurse, and a former convict are all in a boat that capsizes. You can only save one of them. Which one would you save according to Kant, Augustine, and Bentham? Does it make any difference if some of the people in the water are single, others are married, and some have dependent children? Why do you think they would make that decision?"

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"The political leader of your country, a scholar, a janitor, a nurse, and a former convict are all in a boat that capsizes. You can only save one of them. "
Which one would you save according to Kant, Augustine, and Bentham?
See below
Does it make any difference if some of the people in the water are single, others are married, and some have dependent children?
Yes especially for Bentham with his philosophy of utility.
Why do you think they would make that decision?"
See below
Kant:
Scholar because he could teach others to think properly
In Zum ewigen Frieden (On Perpetual Peace) (1795), Kant proposed a high-minded scheme for securing widespread political stability and security. If statesmen would listen to philosophers, he argued, we could easily achieve an international federation of independent republics, each of which reduces its standing army, declines to interfere in the internal affairs of other states, ...

Solution Summary

This is a discussion of a hypothetical situation where a disaster is occurring and an individual must choose one person to save. The choice is analyzed from the perspectives of Kant, Augustine and Bentham. Over 600 words of original text with links to informative websites.

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