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    "equality principle" and "difference principle"

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    Explain and give 3 examples of the "equality principle" and "difference principle" in the theory of justice.

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    John Rawls wrote the influential book A Theory of Justice and it was debated extensively in the early 1970's and 1980's. It is still discussed and taught today in the fields of philosophical and political ethics. Rawls' agenda was to formulate a way that a liberal form of justice could be enacted in a capitalistic society. A vital part of his theory (and perhaps the most famous part) is a thought experiment he constructed. According to this thought experiment, we are invited to imagine a group of individual, rational beings (like ourselves) who have come together to construct the rules for a just society based upon fairness to everyone. This will be their "ideal" society. Once they have reached a consensus on the rules, they will each take their individual role in the society they have constructed. However - each individual in the group is behind a "veil of ignorance" regarding the "original position" . . . i.e., what position in the society they will fulfill. They do not know who they will be or what their position in their ideal society will be . . . They may be a male or female, young or old, ...

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    Three examples of the "equality principle" and "difference principle" are embedded.