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10 Questions

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1. Empiricism holds:
a) Knowledge is gradual awareness of concepts inherent in the mind.
b) Innate ideas exist.
c) Beliefs are verified by checking them against sense experience.
d) None of the above.

2. Rationalist theories of knowledge generally claim:
a) There are no innate ideas.
b) The mind is a blank slate waiting to be impressed with sensations.
c) All knowledge is dependent on sense experience.
d) None of the above.

3. Suppose I argue that I should not cheat because if I get caught I will be punished. This type of reasoning indicates that I think:
a) Deontologically.
b) Teleologically
c) That consequences make an action right or wrong.
d) Both b and c

4. A deontologist would argue that:
a) We should do the good because it is our duty.
b) What makes an action right or wrong are the consequences that result.
c) There are no objective standards of morality
d) Morality is without a rational foundation.

5. An imperative is categorical if it is:
a) Conditional.
b) Hypothetical.
c) Unconditional
d) None of the above.

6. True or False According to Kant, the categorical imperative is equivalent to a rule of respect that requires us to treat persons as ends rather than as means to an end.

7. According to Kant, the only thing good without qualification is:
a) An act itself such as giving money to the needy.
b) The will directed by a rational sense of duty
c) The consequences of an act
d) Both b and c

8. True or False According to utilitarianism, you should not cheat on this test because you have a inherent moral duty to yourself to respect others.

9. Mill argues that the epicurean concept of pleasure is not a doctrine worthy of swine by:
a) Distinguishing between higher and lower pleasures
b) Claiming that humans are not like swine in some respects
c) Maintaining that the pleasures Epicureans have in mind are different that the physical pleasures.
d) All of the above.

10. According to Kantians and deontologists, one problem with utilitarian theory is that:
a) It is possible to deny the minority their rights if that satisfies the principle of utility.
b) It is not possible to deny the minority their rights given the principle of utility.
c) It cannot support an adequate theory of justice
d) Both a and c.

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