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1. Empiricism holds:
a) Knowledge is gradual awareness of concepts inherent in the mind.
b) Innate ideas exist.
c) Beliefs are verified by checking them against sense experience.
d) None of the above.

2. Rationalist theories of knowledge generally claim:
a) There are no innate ideas.
b) The mind is a blank slate waiting to be impressed with sensations.
c) All knowledge is dependent on sense experience.
d) None of the above.

3. Suppose I argue that I should not cheat because if I get caught I will be punished. This type of reasoning indicates that I think:
a) Deontologically.
b) Teleologically
c) That consequences make an action right or wrong.
d) Both b and c

4. A deontologist would argue that:
a) We should do the good because it is our duty.
b) What makes an action right or wrong are the consequences that result.
c) There are no objective standards of morality
d) Morality is without a rational foundation.

5. An imperative is categorical if it is:
a) Conditional.
b) Hypothetical.
c) Unconditional
d) None of the above.

6. True or False According to Kant, the categorical imperative is equivalent to a rule of respect that requires us to treat persons as ends rather than as means to an end.

7. According to Kant, the only thing good without qualification is:
a) An act itself such as giving money to the needy.
b) The will directed by a rational sense of duty
c) The consequences of an act
d) Both b and c

8. True or False According to utilitarianism, you should not cheat on this test because you have a inherent moral duty to yourself to respect others.

9. Mill argues that the epicurean concept of pleasure is not a doctrine worthy of swine by:
a) Distinguishing between higher and lower pleasures
b) Claiming that humans are not like swine in some respects
c) Maintaining that the pleasures Epicureans have in mind are different that the physical pleasures.
d) All of the above.

10. According to Kantians and deontologists, one problem with utilitarian theory is that:
a) It is possible to deny the minority their rights if that satisfies the principle of utility.
b) It is not possible to deny the minority their rights given the principle of utility.
c) It cannot support an adequate theory of justice
d) Both a and c.

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Three questions on probability

1) Researchers at a pharmaceutical company have found that the effective time duration of a safe dosage of a pain relief drug is normally distributed with mean 2 hours and standard deviation 0.3 hour. For a patient selected at random:
a) What is the probability that the drug will be effective for 2 hours or less?
b) 1 hour or less?
c) 3 hours or more?

2) Life span for red foxes follow an approximately normal distribution with mean 7 years and standard deviation 3.5 years.
a) Find the probability that a red fox chosen at random will live at least 10 years.
b) Find the probability that a random sample of 4 red foxes will have a sample mean life span of over 10 years.

3) Margot has found that the mean time to run a job at the college copy center is 12.6 minutes with standard deviation 10 minutes. She selects a random sample of 64 jobs.
a) What is the probability that the sample mean copying time is between 14 and 15 minutes?
b) What is the probability that the sample mean copying time for this sample is between 10 and 12 minutes?

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