How do I express the following inhomogeneous system of first-order differential equations for x(t) and y(t) in matrix form?
(see the attachment for the full question)
x = -2x - y + 12t + 12,
y = 2x - 5y - 5
How do I express the corresponding homogeneous system of differential equations, also in matrix form?
How do I find the eigenvalues of the matrix of coefficients and an eigenvector corresponding to each eigenvalue. From this how would I write down the complementary function for the system of differential equations?
How would you calculate a particular integral for the inhomogeneous system, and then find the general solution?
How would I determine the particular solution of the initial-value problem with the initial conditions x(0) = 3 and y(0) = 2?
I have another problem below but on a similar topic:
If an object moves in the plane in such a way that its Cartesian coordinates (x, y) at time t satisfy the following homogeneous system of second-order differential equations:
x = -2x - y,
y = 2x - 5y.
How would I:
Express the system in matrix form?
Find the general solution of the system?
I think this system undergoes simple harmonic motion in a straight line in two distinct ways but why?
And for each such simple harmonic motion how do I determine the angular frequency and the vector giving the direction of motion?
The solution is attached below in two files. The files are identical in content, only differ in format. The first is in MS Word ...
The solution discusses the inhomogeneous differential equations.
Inhomogeneous linear system of differential equation
Find the solution to the given system that satisfies the initial condition
x'(t)= [0,2;4,-2]x(t) + [4t;-4t-2]
a) x(0)= [4;-5]
b) x(2)= [1;1]