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IDENTIFY AND DEFINE THE ELEMENTS OF THE TORT OF

IDENTIFY AND DEFINE THE ELEMENTS OF THE TORT OF
NEGLIGENCE AND LIST SIX OF THE MAJOR DEFENSES TO THE TORT OF NEGLIGENCE.
****IN YOUR OWN WORDS, DEFINE AND GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF VICARIOUS LIABILITY****ALTHOUGH VICARIOUS LIABILITY

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The elements of negligence can be summed up as follows: Duty, Breach, Causation, Damages.
1) Duty to Protect
The first element that must be shown is the defendant's duty to protect the plaintiff. Not everyone owes a duty to an injured party: for example, strangers on the street are not obligated to rescue each other from danger. But sometimes a duty does exist. For example, teachers have a duty to anticipate foreseeable dangers and take necessary precautions to protect students in their care. Specifically, teacher duties include: adequate supervision, maintenance of equipment and facilities, and heightened supervision of high-risk activities.

2) Failing to Exercise a Reasonable Standard of Care
The second element that must be proven in cases of negligence occurs when the defendant fails to exercise a reasonable standard of care in their duty to the injured party. If a teacher fails to exercise reasonable care to protect students from injury, then the teacher is negligent. Courts, in negligence cases, will gauge a defendant's conduct on how a "reasonable" person in a similar situation would have acted.
For this element, several factors are considered by the court:
Factors to consider that may or may not modify the circumstances include:

a) Physical characteristics
A person who has great physical strength will be judged according to an ordinary ...

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