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The Role of Parole in State Corrections

1. Discuss the role of parole in state corrections today.
2. How does it comare to the federal system?
3. Explain the puropse of parole and how a prisoner becomes eligible.
4. Explain the role of the parole officer.
5. Discuss the pros and cons of the parole system, with examples.

Solution Preview

1. Most confinements culminate in released supervision. The vast majority of people incarcerated in state prisons will be released on parole. Therefore, parole plays a vital role in state corrections. Without it, prisoners would have less incentive to be reformed while in confinement. Also, if prisoners remained incarcerated for the entire duration of their sentences, then prisons would suffer even more severe over-crowding.

2. There is no federal parole. An offender must serve the full sentence and then comply with probationary terms. In D.C., parole for felons who violated D.C. law is heard and reviewed by the U.S. Parole Commission (U.S. Parole Commission).

3. The purpose of parole, from the prisoner's perspective, is to reward reform. From society's perspective, it is to ensure that offenders are not excessively penalized and that they can return to their families and renter their communities when they have sufficiently repaid their debt to society and reformed. Parole eligibility, i.e., the measurement of debt repayment and reform, is generally calculated by a minimum percentage of time served, plus the amount of work and service undertaken while ...

Solution Summary

The role of parole in state corrections are determined. How it compares to the federal system is given. This solution discusses the parole system in 679 words with three references.