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race based jury nullification

1. How does race based jury nullification impact community and racial relationships?
2. Evidence suggesting that prosecutors use peremptory challenges to preserve all-Caucasian juries in cases involving African American or Hispanic defendants has led some commentators to call for the elimination of the peremptory challenge. What are the strongest arguments in favor of eliminating the peremptory challenge? What are the strongest arguments in favor of retaining the peremptory challenge?
3. Racial minorities comprise a very small proportion of the lawyers and judges in the United States. What accounts for this? What difference, if any, would it make if more of the lawyers representing criminal defendants were from racial minority groups?
4. What are the four levels of measurement? Please provide an example for each one.
5. What is a hypothesis? And what is a hypothesis test?

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How does race based jury nullification impact community and racial relationships?

Racial based jury nullification would destroy criminal trials. The evidence is that blacks have far ore racial solidarity than whites. The Wall Street Journal reports that conviction rates in minority neighborhoods are radically lower than in racially mixed or all white areas. Conviction rates by blacks, for blacks are about 28%, which should be cause for alarm. The evidence is mounting that minority racial solidarity is letting criminals go free:
cf:
Leo, J. (October 1995) The Color of The Law. US News and World Report.
http://www.usnews.com/usnews/opinion/articles/951016/archive_033097.htm

In the most recent presidential election, 93% of blacks voted for Obama (that was 96% on 2008). 7% of blacks voted for Romney. 41% of whites voted for Obama. That is the indicator of racial solidarity. Blacks have it, whites do not. Therefore, to permit nullification equally, for just for blacks, would be a worse injustice than the present system.
http://www.blackvoicenews.com/news/news-wire/48328-blacks-key-to-obamas-victory.html

Evidence suggesting that prosecutors use peremptory challenges to preserve all-Caucasian juries in cases involving African American or Hispanic defendants has led some commentators to call for the elimination of the peremptory challenge. What are the strongest arguments in favor of eliminating the peremptory challenge? What are the strongest arguments in favor of retaining the peremptory challenge?

The evidence here is problematic. The fact is that the evidence is difficult to show, and often derives from political groups with clear and blatant agendas. The assumption behind the peremptory challenge (and I presume it is racial here) is that people vote their race. This seems to be the case with non-whites more than whites. The fact that Curtis Vance was let go despite overwhelming evidence by a black jury suggests that the problem, if it is real, works in two directions. The black jury would not even accept DNA evidence proving Vance was ...

Solution Summary

The race based jury nullification are analyzed. The four levels of measurements are determined.

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