I. Background Information on Organized Crime:
The laws in the United States that govern how to control organized crime are passed by Congress. The laws and its policies that are implemented by enforcement agencies like the Federal Bureau of Investigation are based on two types of strategies:
? targeting members of organized crime groups
? targeting the organizational structure of crime groups and the market relationships that causes organized crime to occur
The two examples of statutes that address organized crime are:
1. RICO - The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations, Title 18 USC Sec. 1961.
? prohibits business enterprises involved in a pattern of criminal activity (racketeering)
? courts have defined RICO enterprises as organizations that do business that are primarily criminal in nature and which will continue in the future
2. Continuing Criminal Enterprise Statute, Title 21 USC Sec. 848(c)(2), defines "criminal enterprise" as:
(c) "Continuing criminal enterprise" defined
For purposes of subsection (a) of this section, a person is
engaged in a continuing criminal enterprise if -
(1) he violates any provision of this subchapter or subchapter
II of this chapter the punishment for which is a felony, and
(2) such violation is a part of a continuing series of
violations of this subchapter or subchapter II of this chapter -
(A) which are undertaken by such person in concert with five
or more ...
This is an 887 word document providing general information on organized crime, statutes that address organized crime, and methods used by the FBI and other state agencies to combat organized crime.