1. What is affirmative action?
2. List two pros and cons for Affirmative action programs in the workplace.
Affirmative Action is policies. laws and actions that are implemented and legalized to prohibit any one group from being discriminated and in your case, it prohibits people being discriminated in the workplace (either for hiring, firing or current employees) based on religion, creed, color, nationality, disability, ethnicity, gender.
If you want a more concrete definition of Affirmative Action: "Affirmative action" means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded. When those steps involve preferential selection?selection on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity?affirmative action generates intense controversy.
The development, defense, and contestation of preferential affirmative action has proceeded along two paths. One has been legal and administrative as courts, legislatures, and executive departments of government have made and applied rules requiring affirmative action. The other has been the path of public debate, where the practice of preferential treatment has spawned a vast literature, pro and con. Often enough, the two paths have failed to make adequate contact, with the public quarrels not always very securely anchored in any existing legal basis or practice.
The ebb and flow of public controversy over affirmative action can be pictured as two spikes on a line, the first spike representing a period of passionate debate that began around 1972 ...
What affirmative action is and the pros and cons of affirmative action in the workplace.