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    Description of Treaty of Versailles

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    Treaty of Versailles
    Historians have often argued that if Germany had been treated the same way after World War I as it was after World War II, then it is very likely that World War II may never have happened. In this exercise, you will be split into four distinct groups each representing one of the main victors of World War I: the United States, Great Britain, France, and the one country that was not allowed to participate in the treaty proceedings, Germany.

    You have chosen to represent Germany's side. You are to take on the character of your respective country (Germany in this instance)
    The Germans believed that they had been stabbed in the back by their own government and felt the treaty was insult added to injury. In short, the Germans were probably the angriest of them all.

    You are assigned this specific section of the Versailles Treaty to review with the intent of finding specific areas/wording that you think should have been done differently so as not to provide the catalyst for another war.

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    Solution Preview

    As you assume Germany's role, please allow some of these ideas to help:

    Since the main premises of the Treaty were detrimental to Germany and forced the surrendering all German colonies, you might argue for the revision of the League of Nations' mandate. You might also acknowledge the harm imposed by the return of Alsace-Lorraine to France. This change would have improved things for Germany.

    In sum, you might argue that it was so unjust that Germany lost so much territory. For example, the cession of Eupen-Malmedy to Belgium, Memel to Lithuania, the Hultschin district to Czechoslovakia are examples of loss that should be re-reevaluated. You might further question the occupation and status of the Saar under French control and the demilitarization and fifteen years of occupation in the Rhineland. Other considerations might include the ban on the union of Germany and Austria. You could also argue the fact that Germany was forced to accept an overwhelming sense of guilt in causing the war.

    Lastly, you might protest the restrictions of the German army to 100,000 men. You might challenge the limits of the German Navy to ships under 100,000 tons. Because ...

    Solution Summary

    This posting reacts to the Treaty of Versailles upon Germany.