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The Progressive Era

I am reading "Give Me Liberty" by Eric Foner and have some questions for clarification. Short responses are fine as I'm just looking to understand.

1) What were the major movements and influences of the rise of the Progressive Era (i.e. social gospel, social justice workers and attorneys, muckrakers, etc.)?

2) Given that this period was more one of centrist reform, how was it criticized from the right and left ideologically?

3) What was the legacy of Progressivism socially and politically?

4) How did women fair in this period?

5) Did Progressivism as a counter to Social Darwinism succeed, fail, or both?

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Progressive Era

As far as content ideas go, you may remember that in the Populist post, I hinted at the fact that much of Progressivism stemmed from that.

1) Even a brief overview of the history can help us see that. The movement was primarily strengthened on grassroots organization, from a main popular base, concerning issues not yet discussed (or in worse cases, tabled) by the major political parties of the time. Social Gospel was certainly an influence, as it gave the concerns of Populists (indirectly) a religious backing; because religions were (and in many cases, still can be) a major influence in guiding public opinion. The fact that caring for the poor and the fundamentals of the country were rooted in some kind of religious ground did keep the citizens and leaders attuned to religious reasoning. It also helped that Theodore Roosevelt himself was a strong Protestant. Muckrakers were as influential as anybody, in that they consistently sought to expose corruption in the "political machines" of the earlier period (which of course could have influenced leadership well beyond the influence of Populism). The fact ...

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The solution discusses the progressive era.