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views of the Federalist and Republican parties

1.Contrast the views of the Federalist and Republican parties in the early national period.

2.What, if anything, did these parties have in common?

3.What was the broader significance of the elections of 1796 and 1800?

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1 & 2) The Federalists, as a rule, were advocates of a strong central government. They were somewhat pessimistic about human nature and believed that the government must resist the passions of the general public. One of the government's prime functions was to maintain order. The Federalists tended to place their faith in the talents of a small governing elite.

Since many Federalists were large landowners, bankers and businessmen, they favored the government's efforts to encourage and protect American industry.

The Federalists were very strong in New England and had large pockets of support in the Middle States.

In foreign affairs the Federalists supported the British, with whom they had strong trade ties, and opposed the French, who at the time were convulsed by the French ...

Solution Summary

This solution examines the divergent views of the Federalist and Republican parties in the early national period in the United States of America.

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