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Europeans and Indians

What commercial, religious, and nationalistic incentives drove Europeans to embark on the hazardous course of establishing overseas colonies?

What happened to both the Europeans and the Inndians when their worlds collided after 1492? In what ways were b oth societies changed?

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What commercial, religious, and nationalistic incentives drove Europeans to embark on the hazardous course of establishing overseas colonies?
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<br>Commercially European interests were sparked when Marco Polo returned from the Orient loaded with spices, gold, and fantastic tales of the mysterious East. This lust for Oriental riches grew when the returning Crusaders in the 12th century opened up overland trade routes between Europe and the Orient. However, when Constantinople fell to the Turks in 1453 it meant the end to the spice route. Young European princes had acquired a taste for the finer things such as gold, precious jewels, and gold. Therefore they desired to find an all water-route to the Orient. This set off a flurry of exploration. Oddly enough it was Columbus who, by sailing west looking for a more direct route to the Far East, found an entirely new continent thus taking European exploration on a much different route.
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<br>(Incidentally, any type of overseas exploration would not have been possible if not for the use of bigger and faster ships along with new navigational instruments. For instance the compass, the astrolabe, and the quadrant allowed sailors the ability to spend weeks and months out of sight of land and still have a rough idea of their location.)
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<br>Religion played a factor in establishing overseas colonies as a result of the Protestant Reformation. In 1517, Martin Luther, a German Monk attacked the Catholic Church and ...

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