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Changes in Russia after Communism

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How and why did Russia and Eastern Europe change politically, socially, and economically after the collapse of communism?

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After the fall of the Berlin wall in 1989, Eastern Europe and the USSR began to see revolutionary changes. Reformers assumed power throughout this region and put an end to 40 years of communist rule. With the reunification of Germany in 1990, and "after surviving a hard-line coup attempt in 1991, Gorbachev was forced to cede power in Russia to Boris Yeltsin, who oversaw the dissolution of the Soviet Union" (US Dept of State, 2001). This development also officially marked the end of the Cold War.

Political change:
?The post Soviet and Communist era was sudden and Eastern Europe found transition from a Marxist ideology to democracy a confusing and sudden one.
?Even though they found a change to democracy as a natural alternative, they lacked the skills and the experience for a successful change. This included skills such as "the ability to engage in political discourse, the ability to compromise, and political initiative (The Power of Place)" (Nosotro, 2010)
?The distress of transformation affected Russia the most among all those involved. It went from a superpower, the head of the communist world, to a nation under pressure to make the transition to democracy and capitalism.
?"In 1993, Russian voters approved a new constitution drafted by President Yeltsin. The constitution grants strong powers to the president, including the power to issue decrees that have the force of law. By contrast, the Russian parliament is relatively weak. In the area of national defense, Russia opposes NATO's expansion into Eastern Europe, but has a cooperative arrangement with the alliance" (CRF, 2002)
?Russian political parties are aggressive, but are important only in parliamentary elections. Elections have been generally free and fair with up to 70 percent voter participation (CRF, 2002)
?Voters in Poland only just accepted a new democratic constitution in 1997 after a harsh debate over restricting the powers of the president. The constitution brought about a ...

Solution Summary

The solution describes the political, social, and economical changes in Russia and Eastern Europe after the collapse of communism. It lists the political, social, and economical events that took place in Russia and Eastern Europe seperately. The references are formatted using APA styling.

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Eastern Europe and the Solviet Union

Background: : â??Until the Communist governments of the Warsaw Pact nations began to fall like dominoes late in 1989 â?" followed two years later by the Soviet Union â?" the Eastern Bloc appeared to be a permanent fixture on the international landscapeâ?¦By the end of 1991, the one-time monolith of Eastern European communism seemed near extinctionâ?¦ The journey, however, had only begun. The changes of 1989-91 â?" initially so promising and hopeful- often had unexpected and even painful repercussions. The removal of the political and social straitjackets was welcome, but it resulted in an inevitably awkward period of adjustment" (p. 410).

Question: Write a response identifying two of the most significant challenges that people in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union faced in the period immediately following the collapse of communism?

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