Present an entire lecture on the paradigm shift in policing and the emergence of Compstat.
Compstat is a direct result of the "paradigm shift" that policing and law enforcement have been facing in recent years. Compstat is a multilayered dynamic approach to crime reduction, quality of life improvement, and personnel and resource management.
Critically evaluated the evolution of law enforcement and the key occurrences that led to the paradigm shift in policing.
Keeping in mind the present state of policing and law enforcement in the U.S., examined where they see the future of this paradigm shift.
Examined how Compstat has helped in crime reduction and quality of life improvement.
Described the organizational changes that will need to take place to bring about the quick and effective adaptation of law enforcement agencies to the Compstat managerial program.
Explained the implications Compstat has for the recruitment and training of policing officers. Presented their ideas for increasing the efficiency of the training of police officers in accordance with Compstat.
Evaluated the mutuality of the relationship between information technology and Compstat.
Evaluated the usefulness and limitations of Compstat.
See the attached file.
Critically evaluate the evolution of law ENFORCEMENT and the key occurrences that led to the paradigm shift in policing.
Compstat emerged due to the increasing concern regarding crime within the city of New York. As such, the NYPD began to accumulate crime data primarily to report it to the FBI. This meant that these particular statistics were not utilized for "timely crime analysis".
Moreover, the police department did not have a strategic approach to prevent crime.
As it says in a report on Compstat by the Bureau of Justice Assistance,
"Lou Anemone explained that "The dispatchers at headquarters, who were the lowest-ranking people in the department, controlled field operations, so we were just running around answering 911 calls. There was no free time for officers to focus on crime prevention."10 This type of situation wasn't unique to New York City. Police officers in many cities focused on responding to crimes that had already been committed, and their effectiveness was judged in terms of response times, arrest statistics, and clearance rates. In many jurisdictions, the police were simply not held accountable for preventing crime."
Therefore, the key aspect that led to the development of Compstat, was the re-orientation of focus on crime prevention. A new "data-driven performance measurement system" (Compstat), was eventually created and implemented to monitor and act upon crime statistics. As such, the creation of Compstat and the focus on crime prevention signified a paradigm shift within the department.
You can elaborate more on this for your presentation by reading pages 13-16 of the report here:
Lastly, as described by Police Chief Magazine,
"CompStat is a relatively new crime management tool used in the problem-solving process; it is a "strategic control system designed for the collection and feedback of information on crime and related quality-of-life issues." This "emerging police managerial paradigm" is said to be "revolutionizing law ENFORCEMENT management and practice." and "perhaps the single most important organizational [and] administrative innovation in policing during the latter half of the 20th century." (The Police Chief, 2009)
Keeping in mind the present state of policing and law ENFORCEMENT in the U.S., examine where they see the future of this paradigm shift.
As stated on page 19 in the aforementioned report,
"Compstat can be adapted for use in any law enforcement agency. There is no one-size-fits-all model of Compstat. According to Bill Bratton, "An inherent strength of Compstat and performance management systems is that they can be modified to ...
The solution presents an entire lecture on the paradigm shift in policing and the emergence of Compstat.