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Pre-Heating of Combustion Air

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250 psi saturated steam at approximately 400 degrees F is used to pre-heat ambient air at 60 degrees F through a 100% theoretically efficient heat exchanger.

The desire is to raise the temperature of the ambient air from 60 degree F to 350 degrees F ---- I need to calculate the amount of steam energy in BTU's per minutes and lbs of steam per minute necessary to accomplish the increase in air temperature??

This is all the problem information provides other than the air is at atmospheric pressure.

How would you determine the temperature of the outlet steam from the HX?? Would it be at a low enough temperature to condense??

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Solution Preview

First determine the heat load from air stream:
Q=mcdeltaT
m is the mass flowrate of air. The problem should have provided this information. But because I cannot find it here, I'm going to assign a value of 100 lb/min. You will need to change it to the desired flowrate later on.
c = specific heat of air = 0.24 (Btu/lbF)
deltaT = ...

Solution Summary

This solution describes pre-heating of combustion air.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Combustion of gaseous fuels

A fuel gas consists of 75% butane (C4H10), 10% propane (C3H8) and 15% butene (04}18) by volume. It is to be fed to the combustion chamber in 10% excess air at 25°C, where it is completely burnt to carbon dioxide and water. The flue gases produced are to be used to generate 5 bar steam from water at 90°C.

(a) Write balanced equations for the combustion of each component of the fuel gas.
(b) Explain the need for excess air.
(c) Determine the actual fuel:air ratio
(i) by volume
(ii) by mass.
(d) Calculate:
(i) the net calorific value (CV) per m3 of the fuel/air mix at 25°C
(ii) the net calorific value (CV) per kmol of the fuel/air mix at 25°C.
(e) Determine the composition of the flue gases by volume (assuming the inlet air is dry):
(i) on a wet basis
(ii) on a dry basis.
(f) Determine the maximum flame temperature.
(g) State how varying the amount of excess air may affect the flame temperature.
(h) Determine the 'furnace efficiency' if the flue gases leave the boiler at 300°C.
(i) If 5% of the heat available for steam production is lost to the atmosphere, determine the amount of steam raised per hour when the total flow of flue gases is 1400 kmol h-1.
(j) Determine the dew point temperature assuming that the flue gas pressure is 1.00 bar and the inlet air:
(i) is dry
(ii) contains 0.8 kg water per kmol of air at the temperature of the inlet air.
(k) If the flue gases exiting the boiler are used to preheat the water fed to the boiler from a temperature of 28°C to 90°C and assuming:
- a mean specific heat capacity for water over this temperature range to be 4.2 kJ kg-1 K-1
- a mean molar heat capacity for the flue gases up to 300°C to be 31 kJ kmol-1 K-1
- 10% of the heat required to heat the water is lost in the heat exchanger
- all water entering the system is converted to steam determine the final outlet temperature of the flue gas and state if the dew point will be reached in both of the cases given in part (j).
(l) Give two advantages of preheating the water in this way and one disadvantage.
(m) Give two reasons why the presence of any sulphur in the fuel mix would be undesirable.

Data: Net calorific value (MJ m-3) at 25°C of:
Butane (C4H10) = 111.7 MJ m-3
Butene (C4118) = 105.2 MJ m-3
Propane (C3118) = 85.8 MJ m-3
Air is 21% oxygen, 79% nitrogen by volume and 23.3% oxygen and 76.7% nitrogen by mass.
Atomic mass of C = 12, 0 = 16, N=14 and H = 1.

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