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Philosophy of Education: Idealism, Realism, Pragmatism and Existentialism

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Write a reflection journal that addresses the following questions: As you review the philosophies of idealism, realism, pragmatism, and existentialism, what elements of each of them do you see within your educational philosophy? If you do not see any of them, justify why not.

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Idealism is a philosophy which holds that ideas are the only true reality; that the material world is characterized by change, instability and uncertainty; ideas are enduring. Knowledge and Truth is not created, but discovered. In education, this underlies the belief that the human mind is "pregnant of truth" from birth, which means that the learners are by nature capable of knowing by themselves; that the gift of Reason and intelligence is in the nature of every man. Given the right motivation, the learners discover by themselves what is True, Good and Beautiful. The curriculum therefore is teacher-centered, and structured, and the general goal of education is to discover the Absolute TRUTH, BEAUTY & GOODNESS. Toward this goal, the teaching Approach should be deductive and the strategies may include discovery method, and the popular Question and Answer. In this philosophy, the Teacher is the ...

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This solution provides a reflection on the impact of the different philosophies of education on teaching in 581 words.