Share
Explore BrainMass

Direct Instruction versus Indirect Instruction

When would you use direct instruction versus indirect instruction?

Indirect instruction is demanding of the teacher, yet can be one of the most satisfying teaching strategies. What insights do you have about this statement?

Solution Preview

Hi,

Interesting questions! Let's take a closer look through discussion and example.

RESPONSE:

1. When would you use direct instruction versus indirect instruction?

It depends on a number of factors. For example, decision-making regarding instructional strategies (e.g., direct versus indirect) requires teachers to taken into consideration the curriculum, the prior experiences and knowledge of students, learner interests, student learning styles, and the developmental levels of the learner. Such decision-making relies on ongoing student assessment that is linked to learning objectives and processes. Although instructional strategies can be categorized, the distinctions are not always clear-cut. For example, a teacher may provide information through the lecture method (from the direct instruction strategy) while using an interpretive method to ask students to determine the significance of information that was presented (from the indirect instruction strategy) (http://www.sasked.gov.sk.ca/docs/policy/approach/instrapp03.html#strategies).

However, there are some general guidelines for when to use direct and indirect instruction.

WHEN TO USE DIRECT INSTRUCTION

The Direct instruction strategy is highly teacher-directed and is among the most commonly used. This strategy includes methods such as lecture, didactic questioning, explicit teaching, practice and drill, and demonstrations. The direct instruction strategy is effective for:

· providing detailed information or encouraging step-by-step skill acquisition
· promoting content memorization and immediate recall
· introducing other teaching methods
· actively involving students in knowledge construction (e.g., practice and drill).

Direct instruction is usually deductive.In other words, the teach will present the 'rule' or generalization to the class (e.g. lecture format) and then illustrated with examples. It is often considered ...

Solution Summary

This solution examines when to use direct instruction versus indirect instruction, as well as the explores the statement:
"Indirect instruction is demanding of the teacher, yet can be one of the most satisfying teaching strategies".

$2.19