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Paper pulp pollution prevention

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What are 2 pollution prevention options and the costs associated with the Paper Industry and Advantages and disadvantages of each pollution prevention options?

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To examine this we must first consider the various types of produced BY this industry.
This industry produces copious water and air pollution.

There are several chemical choices that could effect water use (and thus effluent volume) However, to produce less effluent usually means to produce a stronger effluent - not an optimal situation. So choosing less effluent conserves water availability for upstream habitat, groundwater source uses, etc. However, stronger effluents would degrade downstream uses of all sorts.

The two methods (Kraft versus mechanized pulping) represent greatly different level of resource efficiency 50% tree use versus 90% respectively
However, the Kraft process generates reusable chemical residues so produces less overall liquid effluents, and is less water consumptive.

Air pollution is another concern, producing; CO2, particulates, sulfur compounds, and VOCs of various sort including chlorinated ...

Solution Summary

Looks at the types of effluents from the paper pulping industry. Examines some of the historical development of paper, chemistry, and potential solutions.