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Life Cycle Assessment

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Locate and review a peer-reviewed article from a scholarly journal dealing with Life Cycle Assessment and then write an article review.

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https://brainmass.com/earth-sciences/environmental-studies/life-cycle-assessment-590894

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In accordance with BrainMass standards this is not a hand in ready review but only background help.
Step 1
The article says that life cycle assessment is an important tool used in pollution prevention and green design efforts. Selection of product design, materials, processes, reuse or recycle strategies can use life cycle assessment. Also final disposal options require careful examination of energy and resource consumptions as well as environmental discharges associated with prevention or design alternative. For this purpose life cycle assessment models have been developed and software is also available. According to the article there are two types of models, process models and product models that are used for life-cycle assessment. These assessments are made of environmental impacts of materials and products through different stages of fabrication, use, and end of life options. The article expresses these models ...

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This posting gives you a step-by-step explanation of life cycle assessment peer reviewed article. The response also contains the sources used.

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See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Conducting Life Cycle Assessment

Based on the LCA for Mere Mortals reading (attached), please answer the following questions.
1. What is Life Cycle Assessment and how is it conducted?
2. What is the difference between cradle to grave, cradle to gate, and gate to grave?
3. What is the difference between primary, secondary, and tertiary data sources?
4. How are scoping, stakeholders and the Life Cycle Impact Assessment related?

Using the Carnegie Mellon EIO-LCA website (http://www.eiolca.net/Method/LCA_Primer.html), determine the life cycle impacts of The Papadopoulos family holiday gifts. Mrs. Papadopoulos received a new coat worth $100. Mr.Papadopoulos received two tickets to see his favorite hockey team play for $150. Their children received and XBox 1 and accessories worth $500.
a.) The Papadopoulos family lives in the United States and the year was 2013. Which EIO-LCA model should you use and why?
b.) To analyze the impact of the purchases, what EIO-LCA sectors should you use for each member of the household's gifts?
c.) The prices above are in 2013 dollars. Use the Bureau of Labor Statistics Inflation Calculator to estimate the 2002 prices for each of their gifts.
Dollars Mrs.P's Coat Mr.P's Tickets Kids' XBox
2013 $100 $150 $500
2002
d.) The Papadopoulos are interested in the greenhouse gases and carcinogenic toxic releases associated with their gifts. For each gift, use the model to find the total greenhouse gas emissions in terms of kg of carbon dioxide equivalent and the range of human cancer risk.
Mrs.P's Coat Mr.P's Tickets Kids' XBox
Greenhouse Gases - kg CO2E
Cancer kg Benzene Eq
Which gifts have the highest greenhouse gas and carcinogenic emissions? Look at the contributing sectors and try to explain why.
e.) What are the possible drawbacks to using EIO-LCA analysis on these gifts?

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