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Sodium Nitroprusside

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This posting explains the chemistry, structure and chemical properties of sodium nitroprusside. The uses of this compound in medical science and analytical chemistry are discussed.

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Sodium nitroprusside derives its name from prussic acid which is an unstable compound formed by boiling potassium ferrocyanide in concentrated nitric acid. It separates as a red stable salt on treatment with sodium carbonate. Its IUPAC name is sodium pentacyanonitrosylferrate(II).

K4[Fe(CN)6] + 6 HNO3 ? ...

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The expert explains the chemistry, structure and chemical properties for sodium nitroprusside.