Calculating Fractions of Atoms
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The lowest electronic states of Na(g) are tabulated below. At a temperature of 1640K A) What is the value of the electronic partition function? B) Calculate the fraction of atoms in the state i=3. Include degeneracy.
Na(g) Electronic States
Term symbol Energy/cm^-1 Degeneracy
2S1/2 0 2
2P1/2 16956.183 2
2P3/2 16973.379 4
2S1/2 25739.86 2.
The partition function is defined as Q = SUMi gi exp(-ei / kT)
Where gi is the degeneracy factor, which describes how often the i-th energy level ei occurs, k is the Boltzmann constant and ...
Solution breaks down formulas and explains how to solve each step.