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Determining the Amount of Out-of-Balance Trial Balances

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The bookkeeper for Pear Corporation made a number of errors in journalizing and posting, as described below.

1. A credit posting of $500 to Accounts Receivable was omitted.
2. A debit posting of $750 for Prepaid Insurance was debited to Insurance Expense.
3. A collection from a customer of $100 in payment of its account owed was journalized and posted as a debit to Cash $100 and a credit to Service Revenue $100.
4. A credit posting of $350 to Property Taxes Payable was made twice.
5. A cash purchase of supplies for $250 was journalized and posted as a debit to Supplies $25 and a credit to Cash $25.
6. A debit of $695 to Advertising Expense was posted as $659

Instructions
For each error:
(a) Indicate whether the trial balance will balance.
(b) If the trial balance will not balance, indicate the amount of the difference.
(c) Indicate the trial balance column that will have the larger total.

Consider each error separately. Use the following form, in which error (1) is given as an example.

(a) (b) (c)
Error In Balance Difference Larger Column
(1) No $500 debit.

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Solution Preview

Please see the attached Word 97-2003 document.The bookkeeper for Pear Corporation made a number of errors in journalizing and posting, as described below.

1. A credit posting of $500 to Accounts Receivable was omitted.
2. A debit posting of $750 for Prepaid Insurance was debited to Insurance Expense.
3. ...

Solution Summary

This solution illustrates the effects of various journalizing and posting errors on the trial balance.

$2.19
See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Principles of Accounting: Practice Exam Questions.

1.  The usual presentation of the statement of owner's equity is (1) Beginning capital, (2) Net income or loss, (3) Drawing, (4) Owner's contributions, (5) Ending capital.
  TRUE
  FALSE
2.  At the end of the fiscal period, prepaid expenses are reported on the Income Statement as expenses.
  TRUE
  FALSE
3.  After the account balances have been extended from the Adjusted Trial Balance columns on the work sheet, the difference between the initial totals of the Balance Sheet debit and credit columns is Net Income or Net Loss.
  TRUE
  FALSE
4.  If the totals of the Income Statement debit and credit columns of a work sheet are $27,000 and $29,000, respectively, after all account balances have been extended, the amount of the net loss is $2,000.
  TRUE
  FALSE
5.  During the end-of-period processing which of the following best describes the logical order of this process:???? 
  Preparation of adjustments, adjusted trial balance, financial statements.
  Preparation of Income Statement, adjusted trial balance, Balance Sheet.
  Preparation of adjusted trial balance, cross-referencing, journalizing.
  Preparation of adjustments, adjusted trial balance, posting.
6.  Which of the following is not true about closing entries?? 
  There are four closing entries that update the owner's equity account.
  After the second closing entry, the income summary account is equal to the net income or (loss) for the period.
  All real accounts are closed at the end of the period.
  By closing nominal accounts at the end of the period to zero, it is possible to isolate next period's information correctly.
7.  Amir Designs purchased a one-year liability insurance policy on March 1st of this year for $5,400 and recorded it as a prepaid expense. Which of the following amounts would be recorded for insurance expense and prepaid insurance during the closing process at the end of Amir's first month of operations on March 31st?? 
  $5,400
  $540
  $450
8.  The proper sequence for the steps in the accounting cycle is a follows:? 
  analyze and record transactions, post transaction to the ledger, prepare a trial balance, prepare financial statements, journalize closing entries, analyze adjustment data and prepare adjusting entries.
  prepare a trial balance, analyze adjustment data, prepare adjusting entries, prepare financial statements, journalize closing entries and post to the ledger, analyze and record transactions, post transactions to the ledger.
  analyze and record transactions, post transactions to the ledger, prepare a trial balance, analyze adjustment data, prepare adjusting entries, prepare financial statements, journalize closing entries and post to the ledger.
9.  Which of the statements below indicates that a company earned a net income for the period?? 
  The sum of the credits exceeds the sum of the debits in the Balance Sheet columns on the work sheet.
  The sum of the credits exceeds the sum of the debits in the Income Statement columns on the work sheet.
  The sum of the debits exceeds the sum of the credits in the Income Statement columns on the work sheet.
  The sum of the debits exceeds the sum of the credits in the Income Statement columns on the work sheet.
Cash inflows exceeded cash outflows.
10.  The work sheet at the end of July has $5,350 in the Balance Sheet credit column for Accumulated Depreciation. The work sheet at the end of August has $6,700 in the Balance Sheet credit column for Accumulated Depreciation. What was the amount of the depreciation expense adjustment for the month of August?? 
  amount can not be determined
  $6,700
  $5,350
  $1,350
11.  The income statement columns in the worksheet show that debits are equal to $55,800 and credits are $62,705. What does this information mean to the accountant?? 
  Net income of $6,905
  Net loss of $6,905
  The accounts are out of balance, indicating an error has been made.
  The accounts have not been updated.

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