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What is Stock Certificate? What are Different Types?

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What is a "stock certificate"? What rights and privileges are offered based upon the type of stock?

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Companies issue stock certificates (also known as "certificates of stock") as a way to show ownership of a certain percentage of the company. Those owning stock certificates are called shareholders. Shareholders are allowed to trade shares and participate in shareholder meetings, which are times that management presents its results and future plans and discusses leadership. These certificates may be registered, in which case the name of the owner is placed on the books of the company, ...

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This solution defines a "stock certificate"and explains the rights and privileges that are offered based upon the type of stock. Includes APA formatted reference.

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Stocks and Bonds Current Yields

A new client, Dr. Washington, has demonstrated a particular thirst for knowledge of stocks and bonds and has asked that you put together an example of these investments to illustrate how they work.
Calculate the returns on the following investments (include the US$ and percent) to illustrate how they work.
1. A stock that does not pay a dividend of which you buy 100 shares for $25.00 per share and sell the 100 shares for $27.50 a year later. You pay the $50.00 commission when you sell the securities.
2. A 5-year bond that you purchase for US$1,000 pays a 6% yearly rate. It is paid semiannually, and you hold the bond until maturity.
3. The current yield on a bond that is priced at $89 has a 6% coupon.
4. The yield-to-maturity (YTM) on a 7.25% ($1,000 par value) bond that has 10 years remaining to maturity, currently trading in the market at $825.
5. The holding period return (HPR) for 1,000 shares of a no-load mutual fund currently selling at a NAV of $11, purchased a year ago at a NAV of $10.50/share, including $300 of distributed investment income dividends and capital gains dividends of $350.
After you have shared some basic information with Dr. Washington about the different types of investments, he also wants you to explain the differences between the different types of bondsâ?"from investment grade to high yield. Explain the various ratings that bonds can get and explain the two major rating agencies.
Assignment Guidelines:
Perform the 5 calculations listed in the Assignment Description.
o You must show all of your work as well as any formulas that you used.
o If you used MS Excel to arrive at your answers, then you must provide an explanation of your methodology.
Next, answer the following questions for Dr. Washington:
o What are the different types of investments a person can make?
o What are the differences between the various types of bonds?
o What do bond ratings indicate, and what 2 major agencies are in charge of assigning these ratings?
Compile your calculations, MS Excel tables and explanations (if applicable), and your answers to the 3 questions above into a single Word document.

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