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    Financial Ratios: Liquidity, Efficiency, Asset Turnover

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    Modern Appliances Corporation has reported its financial results for the year ended December 31, 2011.
    Modern Appliances Corporation
    Income Statement for the Fiscal
    Year Ended December 31, 2011
    Net sales ............................................................ $5,398,412,000
    Cost of goods sold ................................................ 3,432,925,255
    Gross profit ......................................................... $1,965,486,745
    Selling, general, and administrative expenses ................. 1,036,311,231
    Depreciation ....................................................... 299,928,155
    Operating income ................................................. $ 629,247,359
    Interest expense ................................................... 35,826,000
    EBT ................................................................. $ 593,421,359
    Income taxes ...................................................... 163,104,554
    Net earnings ........................................................ $ 430,316,805
    

    Using the information from the financial statements, complete a comprehensive ratio analysis for
    Modern Appliances Corporation.
    a. Calculate these liquidity ratios: current and quick ratios.
    b. Calculate these efficiency ratios: inventory turnover, accounts receivable turnover, DSO.
    c. Calculate these asset turnover ratios: total asset turnover, fixed asset turnover.
    d. Calculate these leverage ratios: total debt ratio, debt-to-equity ratio, equity multiplier.
    e. Calculate these coverage ratios: times interest earned, cash coverage.
    f. Calculate these profitability ratios: gross profit margin, net profit margin, ROA, ROE.
    g. Use the DuPont identity, and after calculating the component ratios, compute the ROE for this firm.

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    https://brainmass.com/business/return-on-equity/financial-ratios-liquidity-efficiency-asset-turnover-542098

    Solution Preview

    a. current ratio = Current assets/Current liabilities = $2,856,516,992/$1,578,337,233 = 1.81
    quick ratio = (Current assets-Inventory)/Current liabilities = ($2,856,516,992-981,870,990)/$1,578,337,233 = 1.19

    b. inventory turnover = Cost of goods sold/Inventory = 3,432,925,255/981,870,990 = 3.50
    accounts receivable turnover = sales/ccounts receivable = ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution gives detailed steps on calculating a series of financial ratios from the income statement: liquidity ratios, efficiency ratios, asset turnover ratios, leverage ratios, coverage ratios, profitability ratios, component ratios and ROE. All formula and calculations are shown and explained in steps.

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