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Business Considerations - Matching

Certain underlying considerations have had an important impact on the development of generally accepted accounting principles. Following is a list of these underlying considerations as well as a list of statements describing them.

a) Going concern or continuity
b) Monetary unit
c) Conservatism
d) Matching
e) Full disclosure
f) Materiality
g) Transaction approach
h) Accrual basis
i) Industry practices
j) Verifiability
k) Consistency
l) Realization
m) Historical cost
n) Time period
o) Business entity

---1) The business for which the financial statements are prepared is separate and distinct from the owners
---2) The assumption is made that the entity will remain in business for an indefinite period of time
---3) Accountants need some standard of measure to bring financial transaction together in a meaningful way.
---4) Revenue should be recognized when the earning process is virtually complete and the exchange value can be objectively determined.
---5) This concept deals with when to recognize the costs that are associated with the recognized revenue
---6) Accounting reports must disclose all facts that may influence the judgment of an informed reader
---7) This concept involves the relative size and importance of an item to a firm
---8)The accountant is required to adhere as closely as possible to verifiable data.
---9) Some companies use accounting reports that do not conform to the general theory that underlies accounting
---10) The accountant records only events that affect the financial position of the entity and, at the same time, can be reasonably determined in monetary terms.
---11) Revenue must be recognized when it is realized (realization concept), and expenses are recognized when incurred (matching concept)
---12) The entity must give the same treatment to comparable transactions from period to period
---13) The measurement with the least favorable effect on net income and financial position in the current period must be selected
---14) Of the various values that could be used, this value has been selected because it is objective and determinable
---15) With this assumption, inaccuracies of accounting for the entity short of its complete life span are accepted

Required Place the appropriate letter identifying each quality on the line in front of the statement describing the quality.

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-0--1) The business for which the financial statements are prepared is separate and distinct from the owners

Business entity

-a--2) The assumption is made that the entity will remain in business for an indefinite period of time

Going concern or continuity

--g-3) Accountants need some standard of measure to bring financial transaction together in a meaningful way.

Transaction approach

--l-4) Revenue should be recognized when the earning process is virtually complete and the exchange ...

Solution Summary

The solution matches definitions with various business terms.

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