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Basic Forms of Acquisitions- Merger. Construct a balance sheet for a new corporation if the merger is treated as a purchase for accounting purposes.

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Vertical Merger-
Company 1 has issued $300,000 in new long-term debt to pay for its purchase (300,000 is the purchase price). Construct a balance sheet for a new corporation if the merger is treated as a purchase for accounting purposes. The balance sheets shown here represent the assets of both firms at their market value. Assume these market values are also the book values.

Company 1

Current assets $400 Current liabilities $200
Other assets 100 Long-term debt 100
Net fixed assets 500 Equity 700
Total $1,000 Total $1,000

Company 2

Current assets $80 Current liabilities $80
Other assets 40 Equity 120
Net Fixed assets 80
Total $200 Total $200

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Balance Sheet Analysis

Obtain the latest annual report and accounts of a company of your choice.* Consult the Balance Sheet and determine the company's net asset value.

· What is the composition of the assets, i.e. the relative size of fixed and current assets?
· What is the relative size of intangible fixed and tangible fixed assets?
· What proportion of current assets is accounted for by stocks and debtors?
· What is the company's policy towards asset revaluation?
· What is its depreciation policy?

Now consult the financial press to assess the market value of the equity. This is the current share price times the number of ordinary shares issued. (The notes to the accounts will indicate the number of shares issued.)

· What difference do you find between the net asset value and the market value?
· How can you explain this?
· What is the P:E ratio of your selected company?
· How does this compare with other companies in the same sector?
· How can you explain any differences?
· Do you think your selected company's shares are under- or over-valued?

Notes:
You chosen company MUST have a full listing on the London Stock Exchange.

You MUST attach to your coursework a copy of the latest annual report and accounts of your chosen company. (This does not contribute towards the word count.)

Your coursework should be no less than 1500 words and no more than 2500.
Ratio analysis as well as company valuation methods are required, along with a critical appraisal of the techniques used.

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