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Leadership Styles: Gender, Behaviour, and Contingency Theories

Part 1
-Do you think men and women lead the same way or differently? Why?
-What do you think are the major differences between behavioural and contingency leadership theories?
-Does knowing about these theories impact your leadership style? How could you use these theories to change your leadership style?

Part 2
-Think of a prior or present manager of yours who had coercive power. Provide an example of how he or she uses or used reward and punishment to achieve an objective.
-Do you think using coercive power is the most effective strategy to get results? Explain.
-If you had to use a type of power to influence others, which would you choose and why?

Part 3
-Identify a specific task assigned to you by a manager. Break down the steps he or she took in the oral message-sending process.
-What is your weakest listening skill? How can you improve that?
-Have you ever used paraphrasing? Has it been used on you? Describe the situation and your thoughts on whether it was helpful in communicating.

Part 4
-Based on the LMX theory, focus on the existence of in-groups and out-groups. Think about a working unit or organization you are or were involved in that included in-groups and out-groups. Describe how the manager's behaviour and actions toward the in-group was different from those toward the out-group. Did this difference impact the out-group's productivity? How?
-The team focused leadership discussed in the TMX theory is said to result in group identification and increased productivity. In your opinion, is this correct? Do you think employing a TMX centered approach to leadership would increase effectiveness?

Solution Preview

Part 1
I think men and women lead differently but only to a certain extent. Men are more task oriented leaders and women are relationship oriented leaders. Women take opinion of others and use the participative style more often. Men leaders tend to make decisions by themselves. I have said that both lead differently but only to an extent. If a leader is successful, whether a man or a woman, has to inspire, direct, and organize. The leader must carry out most of functions of leadership to be successful. Even though there are differences, there is also a convergence in the manner in which men and women lead.

I think there are strong differences between behavioural theory and contingency leadership. The differences are that behavioural theory proposes that strong personality with an ego is required for leadership. It says that self confidence is required. In contrast the contingency theory says the ability of the person to use suitable methods, strategies, and style appropriate for the given situation makes a leader.

Knowing these theories impacts my leadership style in several ways. The contingency theories have alerted me to the fact ...

Solution Summary

This solution explains leadership issues. The sources used are also included in the solution.