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# Price and Quantity Variances for Material and Labor

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Considering the following data manufacturing company:

Direct Direct
Materials Labor
Actual price per unit of input (lb and hr) \$7.80 \$12.00
Standard price per unit of input \$7.00 \$12.75
Standard inouts allowed per unit of output 10 2
Actual units of input 115,000 30,000
Actual units of output (product) 14,400 14,400

1. Compute the price, quantity, and flexible-budget variances for direct materials and direct labor. Use U or F to indicate whether the variances are unfavorable of favorable.
2. Prepare a plausible explanation for the performance.

#### Solution Preview

Computation of Direct Material and Direct Labor variances

Preliminary working:

Standard Quantity or Usage for actual output achieved = Actual output X Standard input allowed per unit of output
Working:
Standard Quantity or Usage for actual output achieved = Actual output X Standard input allowed per unit of output
= 14400 units of output X 10 units of input
= 14400 X10 = 144000 units

Standard Hours for actual output achieved = Actual output X Standard hours allowed per unit of output
= 14400 units of output X 2 hours = 28800 hours

Direct Material Variances:

1 Direct Material cost (Total) variance = (Actual Quantity x Actual price) - (Standard quantity X Standard price) OR

Direct material cost variance = (AQ x AP) - (SQ x SP)

(1115000 units x \$7.80) - (144000 units x \$7) = \$111000(F)

2 Direct material price variance = Actual Quantity (Actual price - Standard price) OR

Direct material price variance = AQ (AP-SP)

115000 units (\$7.80-\$7.00) = ...

#### Solution Summary

This solution assists in determining and explaining price and quantity variances for material and labor.

\$2.19