(See attached file for full problem description)
Prepare Master Budget
Victoria Kit Company, a small Melbourne firm that sells kites on the Web wants a master budget for the next three month, beginning January 1, 2005. It desires and ending minimum cash balance of $5,000 each month. Sales are forecasted at an average wholesale selling price of $8 per kite. In January, Victory Kite is beginning just-in-time (JIT) deliveries from suppliers, which means that purchases equal expected sales.
On January 1 purchases will cease until inventory reaches $6,000, after which time purchases will equal sales. Merchandise costs average $4 per kite. Purchases during any given month are paid in full during the following month. All sales are on credit, payable within 30 days, but experience has shown that 60% of current sales are collected in the current month, 30% in the next month, and 10% in the month thereafter. Bad debts are negligible.
Monthly operating expenses are as follows:
Wages and salaries $15,000
Insurance expired 125
Rent $250/month + 10% of quarterly
Sales over $10,000
Cash dividends of $1,500 are to be paid quarterly, beginning January 15, and are declared on the fifteenth of the previous month. All operation expenses are paid as incurred, except insurance, depreciation, and rent. Rent of $250 is paid at the beginning of each month, and the additional 10% of sales is paid quarterly on the tenth of the month following the end of the quarter. The nest settlement is due January 10.
The company plans to buy some new fixtures for $3,000 cash in March.
Money can be borrowed and repaid in multiples of $500 at an interest rate of 10% per annum. Management wants to minimize borrowing and repay rapidly. Interest is computed and paid when the principal is repaid. Assume that borrowing occurs at the beginning, and repayments at the end, of the months in question. Money is never borrowed at the beginning and repaid at the end of the same month. Compute interest to the nearest dollar.
Assets as of Liabilities as of
December 31, 2004 December 31, 2004
Cash $ 5,000 Accounts payable
Accounts receivable 12,500 (merchandise $35,550
Inventory* 39,050 Dividends 1,500
Unexpired insurance 1,500 Rent payable 7,800
Fixed assets, net 12,500 $44,850
*November 30 inventory balance = $16,000
Recent and forecasted sales:
October $38,000 December $25,000 February $75,000 April $45,000
November $25,000 January $62,000 March $38,000
Explain why there is a need for a bank loan and what operating source provide the cash for the repayment of the bank loan.
The details of calculations are in sheet 1 and 2 of the excel file. The difference in assets and liabilites in the ...
The solution explains how to prepare a master budget for Victoria Kite Company