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Job costing, process costing, or activity based costing

-Select a costing method: process, job, or activity based. Describe the nature of your chosen method. What types of organizations should choose that method? How is this method different from the costing methods you did not choose? Use your selected costing method to create a real-life business management scenario that includes realistic numbers. What management decisions may one make based on your scenario?

-Identify an industry in which a job order cost system or a process cost system could be used. How might each of the cost systems be implemented within this particular industry? Does an industry exist in which the job order and the processing cost systems would not be suitable? Explain your rationale.

-Suppose you are the manager of a widget-production company. The company's two support departments, Purchasing and Human Resources, are currently allocated amongst its three manufacturing departments: Laminating, Fabricating, and Assembling. Currently, the support department's costs are divided equally among the three manufacturing departments. The company has conducted an analysis using the number of employees in the manufacturing departments as the activity driver. The results of the analysis indicate Fabricating would receive 50% of the total costs of Purchasing and Human Resources, Laminating would receive 30%, and Assembling would receive 20%. As a manager, would you suggest the firm adopt the new activity-driven allocations or retain the current allocation method? Choose a method of allocation and provide your rationale. Identify at least two additional cost drivers that could be used to allocate the costs of the two support departments and explain the rationale you used to select the additional cost drivers.

-What type of costing system would you use for a floral arrangement service for wedding, catering and special events? Why did you pick this costing system? Recommend another costing system to consider. Provide your rationale for your recommendation.

Solution Preview

-I choose job costing. This means that I will track the cost of each customer order (the "jobs") and put the cost of the materials and labor that are associated with that job as a direct cost. Then, with common costs, the overhead costs of production, I will allocate them to the jobs based on a cost driver that is most causally related to the overhead pool costs.

This is different from process costing and activity based costing because process costing does not separate job costs, all costs are co-mingled and spread to output evenly for each unit (cost per unit is the same for all produced units). With activity based costing, I would use more than one overhead pool to allocate overhead to the jobs.
Here is the job cost for my floral business for the most recent month:

Lane Wedding (large)
Overhead applied.........$300
Total cost of job..........$1,260 vs price of job bid at $1,500 = $240 profit ...

Solution Summary

Your tutorial is 649 words given reasons and examples.