Part I Lower-of-cost-or-market.
The December 31, 2010 inventory of Gwynn Company consisted of four products, for which certain information is provided below.
Replacement Estimated Expected Normal Profit
Product Original Cost Cost Disposal Cost Selling Price on Sales
A $25.00 $22.00 $6.50 $40.00 20%
B $42.00 $40.00 $12.00 $48.00 25%
C $120.00 $115.00 $25.00 $190.00 30%
D $18.00 $15.80 $3.00 $26.00 10%
1. Using the lower-of-cost-or-market approach applied on an individual-item basis, compute the inventory valuation that should be reported for each product on December 31, 2010.
2. If necessary, prepare the entry at 12/31/10 necessary to implement the lower-of-cost-or market procedure assuming Gwynn uses a contra account for its balance sheet.
Inventory on hand, March 1 $ 84,000
Purchases received, March 1 - 11 63,000
Sales (goods delivered to customers) 120,000
Past records indicate that gross profit has averaged 1/3 of selling price.
Estimate the inventory of goods on hand at the close of business on March 11 by the gross profit method and determine the amount of the theft loss. Show appropriate titles for all amounts in your presentation.
III. Retail inventory method (Conventional Method).
When you undertook the preparation of the financial statements for Telfer Company at January 31, 2011, the following data were available:
At Cost At Retail
Inventory, February 1, 2010 $70,800 $ 98,500
Markdown cancellations 20,000
Markup cancellations 10,000
Purchases 219,500 294,000
Purchases returns and allowances 4,300 5,500
Sales returns and allowances 10,000
Compute the ending inventory at cost as of January 31, 2011, using the retail method which approximates lower of cost or market. Your solution should be in good form with amounts clearly labeled.
The solution computes inventory valuation under Lower-of-cost-or-market; Gross profit method; Retail inventory method.