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Compute FIFO and LIFO Methods

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Sherpers sells a snowboard, Xpert, that is popular with snowboard enthusiasts. Below is
information relating to Sherpers's purchases of Xpert snowboards during September. During the same month, 124 Xpert snowboards were sold. Sherpers uses a periodic inventory system.
Date Explanation Units Unit Cost Total Cost
Sept. 1 Inventory 26 $ 97 $ 2,522
Sept. 12 Purchases 45 102 4,590
Sept. 19 Purchases 20 104 2,080
Sept. 26 Purchases 50 105 5,250
Totals 141 $14,442

Instructions
(a) Compute the ending inventory at September 30 using the FIFO and LIFO methods. Prove the amount allocated to cost of goods sold under each method.

(b) For both FIFO and LIFO, calculate the sum of ending inventory and cost of goods sold.
What do you notice about the answers you found for each method?

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Solution Preview

a)
Date Explanation Units Unit Cost Total Cost
Sept. 1 Inventory 26 $ 97 $ 2,522
Sept. 12 Purchases 45 102 4,590
Sept. 19 Purchases 20 104 2,080
Sept. 26 Purchases 50 105 ...

Solution Summary

This solution computes ending inventory and the sum of each ending inventory.

$2.19
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Inventory methods -mba program

Electronic Heaven, Inc., sells electronic merchandise, including a personal computer offered for the first time in September, which retails for $695. Sales of this personal computer for the next six month period (ending February 28) totaled $52, 125. Purchase records indicate the following on the amounts purchased and prices and prices paid by Electronic Heaven:

Purchase Date Units Cost per unit
September 10 12 $370
October 15 20 $375
November 2 32 $360
December 10 11 $350
February 3 10 $335

Required:

a. Prepare a statement for this personal computer showing its gross margin for the six month period ending February 28 using the FIFO, average cost, and LIFO inventory methods.

b. What was the gross margin percentage earned on the $52, 125 sales of this personal computer? (Hint: the answer depends on the inventory method used.)

c. If all of the purchases and sales of this personal computer were for cash, what was the net pre-tax cash flow resulting from the purchases and sales of this personal computer? Would the use of different inventory methods change the pre-tax cash flow figure you calculated?

d. Assume a tax rate of 30 percent. What would be the net after-tax cash flow using different inventory methods for tax purposes?

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